Are you experiencing glare, blurred vision, and reading difficulty? You could be suffering from cataracts. Although the condition is more common among the elderly, it can affect people of any age.
Fortunately, most cataracts are treatable surgically, especially when handled by a professional eye doctor. It is, in fact, one of the most practised eye operations in London, with at least 97 percent of patients experiencing improved vision after the procedure.
What are cataracts?
Basically, this is an eye condition where the clear lens becomes cloudy, leading to decreased vision. They occur when the eye lens (or the crystalline structure sitting behind the pupil) becomes less transparent. The blurring of the lens during the formation of cataract is what leads to vision distortion.
Though cataracts normally affect both eyes, it’s possible to afflict only one. Cataracts are often triggered by the changes with the protein structure in the lens, though it can also be a congenital defect due to genetic diseases, systemic congenital infections and hereditary enzyme defects.
Certain eye procedures, intraocular inflammation, and severe trauma can lead to the development of rapid cataracts. People who are exposed to high UV light, steroids, and ionising radiation are also at a high risk of contracting cataracts.
Are you a cataract surgery candidate?
In your routine check-up, your eye doctor may notice early cataract formation even if you haven’t experience visual problems. Lens clouding can be noticed early, but mostly not before the age of 40.
Surgery is only recommended for those with a high potential of vision loss, unless you suffer from eye conditions other than cataracts. As it takes less than 30 minutes to complete, cataract surgery is handled with minimal sedation, meaning it does not lay too much strain on the lungs and the heart. The three basic techniques for cataract surgery include extracapsular, intracapsular and phacoemulsification.
Before the day of the surgery, your eye surgeon will talk about the steps to take place during the operation. After understanding your medical history, certain calculations will be made to determine the most appropriate lens to implant. The artificial lens will mostly be based on the curvature of your cornea and the length of the eye. Remember to follow instructions prior to your surgery such as not taking any meal after midnight.
If you suspect that you’re suffering from cataracts, have your eyes checked by an eye professional as soon as possible.
What to Expect From Cataract Surgery, webmd.com
Cataract surgery, nhs.uk