Tumors of the conjunctiva and cornea are rare. However, it involves a wide range of conditions. Eye tumor could be congenital or acquired and can originate from any layer of ocular surface tissue i.e.surface epithelial, vascular, mucoepidermoid, melanocytic, fibrous, neural, histiocytic, myxoid, myogenic, lipomatous, lymphoid, leukemic, metastatic and secondary tumors. The two most commonly seen eye tumors in our clinics are squamous cell tumors and conjunctival melaonmas.
The first is more common than the second. Squamous cell tumors are typically caused by sun damage.Conjunctival melanomas are uncommon brown lesions (occasionally colorless) and often appear on previous flat pigment lesions on the surface of the eye (primary acquired melanosis), or on pre-existing “freckle” (conjunctival nevus).
At Eye Clinic London we can tell the difference between a squamous cell tumor and a conjunctival melanoma by the way the tumor looks, but to be completely sure of the diagnosis, the lesion must be removed and examined by a pathologist. We experience in successfully treating these tumors and guiding patients through the process.
Treatment of ocular surface tumors consists of surgical removal of the lesion with cryotherapy (freezing treatment) to the surrounding tissues with or without application of cytotoxic medicine. Once the eye has healed from surgery, chemotherapy drops may be given to reduce the risk of recurrence of the tumor. Regular follow-up visits with your consultant at the Eye clinic London are important to determine if the tumor has recurred.