What is congenital corneal disease and what is congenital corneal disease treatment?


It is rare for a child to be born with congenital cornea disease.

When your child was born, you may have been told by the nurse that there is something wrong with their eyes or their corneas. They may have advised you to see a specialist. This is because sometimes the front part of the eye does not develop, and that’s what they call it, abnormalities of development of the front of the eye. This is very rare incidents, which require a very high level of diagnostics and management. 

Other congenital eye conditions might be less prominent and don’t develop straight after birth. It could take a few months or years to develop, and this is something I see fairly often in my clinics because of my special interest in the pediatric cornea.

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Children who are born with a condition affecting the surface of the cornea are prone to eye scratches or abrasions on the cornea. They might develop recurrent infections on the eye surface, which could leave them with a scar affecting their vision.

The early treatment and management is very effective and can stop any further deterioration in the vision or the condition. Sometimes it’s a condition that is dystrophy. For example, dystrophy will develop in a later stage in life and continue to progress. The management is to stop things from getting worse. However, eventually, the condition will progress because it’s one of those corneal dystrophies, which you can’t stop, unfortunately. Still, at least you can minimise any compromise of vision from that corneal dystrophy.

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About the expert

Mr Samer Hamada | Consultant Ophthalmologist and Corneal Surgeon

MD, MSc, DO (hons), FRCSEd, FRCOphth I am Samer Hamada, founder and consultant ophthalmic surgeon with over 20 years’ experience in ophthalmology. I am a world-renowned specialist in cornea, cataract and refractive surgery. I’m not only a leading surgeon but also the only dual fellowship trained in corneal diseases in children from reputable institutions in the UK. At Eye Clinic London I work closely with other consultant ophthalmologists, optometrists and orthoptists to achieve the best outcomes for our patients. Our main aim is to make sure our patients get the safest and best treatments available to them. We put your safety before anything else so you can rest assured that if you choose us you will be in the best and safest hands.

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