Meibomian gland dysfunction is now known as one of the major causes of dry eye disease. There are glands that produce oil and add to the water on the surface of the eye to lubricate it. If that oil is not there, then the water evaporates quickly. That’s why they call it evaporative dry eye disease.
Treatment of meibomian gland dysfunction can be divided into various modalities:
One is to try to allow a healthy oil to run smoothly through the glands. That is achieved by heated eye mask, followed by eyelid massages and wiping the lid margin.
There are two other modalities that address inflammation, which is an underlying disease of these glands. They are receiving anti-inflammatory treatment and taking supplements of omega-three. The omega-threes, especially the flaxseed oil, are very effective in slowing down the inflammation. Additionally, they block amino acids that your body requires to produce new meibum or the oil from the eye glands.